Hindu Wedding

Hello from IWA Team,

Today, we’ll discuss events in a Hindu Wedding Program.

Hindu Wedding Program

For an Indian marriage held outside of India, a printed Wedding Program is a helpful guide for guests. The wedding ceremony program should contain the main steps and descriptions of the wedding. The program should include the traditions that are specific to the families of the bride and groom.

Here are some typical events in a Hindu Wedding Program.


The mama or maternal uncle in both families arrives with his family and is welcomed with much fanfare. This ceremony is called mamara. Traditionally, mamas have great significance amongst Hindu families. Some communities including Muslims have the practice of marrying nieces totheir maternal uncles. In the Hindu scriptures, there have been instances of powerful but evil uncles like Shakuni in the Mahabharata and Kansa, Lord Krishna’s uncle. Mamas since then have had to atone for their deeds and treat their nieces and nephews with great regard.


During kanyadaan, the bride’s parents give their daughter away in marriage. The groom makes three promises – to be just (dharma), earn sufficiently to support his family, (artha) and love his wife (kama). He repeats these vows thrice in the presence of Agni (the sacred fire) and all who are gathered there. The bride’s parents place her right hand into the hand of the groom and place their left hands underneath. Betel nut, flowers and fruit with gold are placed on the couple’s hands, signifying blessings and prosperity.

Panigrahana Hathleva & Gathabandhan

The bride’s and groom’s hands are tied together. The priest invokes Lord Ganesha at the auspicious mahurat and puts a coin and mehndi in the round empty spot in the bride’s palm. Gathabandhan signifies the sacred wedding knot where the groom’s kurta is tied to the bride’s chunari. Now the couple is ready for the core ritual – the homa, where they circumambulate the holy fire seven times.

Bride enters the groom’s house

This is a big occasion. Everyone’s eyes stay peeled open is when the bride enters her new home. This is quite daunting for the bride she doesn’t know what to expect – the household rhythm, systems and arrangement are totally new. The best tactic is to be traditionally dressed and speak when spoken to. Always use your right hand for pujas and rituals

Praying to Lord Rama and Sita are considered auspicious on this occasion. As soon as the bride arrives, the groom’s sister or aunt mix salt and water and sprinkle on the couple to ward off the ‘evil eye’. Then the pot of water is broken. The bride steps on red vermilion mixed with milk and walks in leaving imprints of her footsteps. At the doorway, she gently kicks a pot of rice and coins, symbols of fertility and prosperity. These age-old customs set the tone for long-lasting conjugal bliss.

Thanks for visiting,

IWA Team

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